Understanding IP Network Cabling
Your choice of cabling is one of the most important decisions you’ll make when installing the right type of cable for your IP network. Network cabling is the backbone of your network, and your cabling is extremely important for your application; IP security applications require a robust backbone.
What is Network Cabling?
Network cabling is the connecting cabling between the floors or areas of a building. If you have a 3-story building, between each floor is the cabling that connects to your routers.
Twisted Pair Cables
Twisted pair cables consist of two insulated copper wires and is a form of wiring in which two conductors are twisted together. Twisted pair cables can be shielded, unshielded or foiled, and the twisting of the cabling is designed to cancel out electromagnetic interference from external sources and other devices.
Fiber Optic Cables
Fiber optic cables have a glass core center, consisting of several threads of glass surrounded by layers of protective material with an outer insulated jacket. Fiber optic cables do not transmit electronic signals; they transfer light which eliminates the problem of electrical interference. Fiber optic cables can transmit data over longer distances, but can be difficult to install. Fiber optic cables have greater bandwidth than metal cables and can carry more data.
Coaxial cables (Coax) transmit an electrical impulse signal along the length of the cable, between the center and outer conductor which share the same center line (axis). The outer conductor acts as a shield, defending against interfering signals. Coax cabling also keep the signals from escaping and interfering with nearby devices. In order for a megapixel IP camera to work over existing coax cabling, you need to use an adapter.